Neurodiversity is most commonly associated with Dyslexia, Dypraxia, ADD, ADHD, Aspergers and Autism Spectrum Conditions but includes any condition that affects some, but not all, thinking skills. It is a relatively new term, coined in the 1990s by Judy Singer, an Australian social scientist with an autistic child, however, is now a global concept.
This concept is that neurological differences are to be recognised and respected like any other human variation. These are 'spectrum' conditions, with a wide range of traits and characteristics which share some common features in terms of how people process information. It is still a concept under debate in our community.
A strengths based approach and positive mindset often assists our neurodiverse community to manage their challenges and appreciate their abilities - not the deficit approach.
Source : Genius Within UK